|MANTRA is an acronym for “Making full use of Automation for National Transport and Road Authorities – NRA Core Business”. MANTRA responds to the questions posed as CEDR Automation Call 2017 Topic A: How will automation change the core business of NRA’s, by answering the following questions:
Automation will find its way into real-world road-based mobilities. MANTRA deliverable 2.1 (Vehicle fleet penetrations and ODD coverage of NRA-relevant automation functions up to 2040) suggests discussing and preparing for these issues and this transition phase within road operators’ management layers by means of five concepts / tools:
Deliverable 4.2 (Consequences of automation functions to infrastructure) indicates to introduce three new road operator related ODD attributes of traffic management, infrastructure maintenance, and fleet supervision (centres). All three are elements, which affect the management and realisation of the ODDs but are not direct ODD requirements. Also adding a virtual road network or the network’s digital twin is a candidate for an ODD attribute, which supports the management and supervision of highly automated vehicles as a basic element for real-time simulation to assist in the choices of the traffic and fleet managers of the automated vehicles.
In addition, this report contains a list of attributes of the physical and digital infrastructure related to connected and highly automated vehicles.
The road map in deliverable 5.2 (Road map for developing road operator core business utilising connectivity and automation) consists of tables describing 92 actions, of which 22 priority actions, in different areas up to 2040. The actions are classified in three major categories:
A common key finding in all three deliverables is that there are some inherent difficulties in supporting the ODDs as they depend on the capabilities of the sensors and software including AI of the automated vehicles, and these capabilities are improving quite quickly with the evolution of related technologies.