Challenges Impacting the Future of AV
German multinational engineering company Bosch, is shaping the future of mobility with its innovative solutions. The technology and services company will be showcasing its latest developments at IAA 2019 Conference, an event dedicated to showcasing the advancements of mobility.
Connected Automated Driving
Automation is the key to many of the challenges of mobility: safety, efficiency, traffic flow and time. Bosch systematically develops its driver assistance systems with a view to partial, highly and fully automated driving. Here are a few of their developments:
- Automated valet parking (driverless parking): in the parking garage located in the Mercedes-Benz Museum, Bosch and Daimler have initiated the world’s first officially approved driverless parking function. The vehicle uses SAE Level IV technology to park itself without a safety driver, activated via a smartphone app.
- Front camera image processing with algorithms and AI: the front camera located on the vehicle combines image processing algorithms and AI methods to recognise and classify partially obscured objects quickly and reliably. This allows the vehicle to issue a warning or trigger the emergency brake.
- Radar sensors for complex driving situations: the latest generation of radar sensors include a greater detection range, wider aperture and high angular resolution. This allows the sensors to better capture the vehicles surroundings in poor weather or light conditions meaning the automatic emergency braking systems can react more reliably.
- Vehicle motion and position sensor: the VMPS vehicle motion and position sensor allows automated vehicles to precisely determine their position, such as in the lane while driving. The VMPS sensor uses global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals supplemented with data from a correction service, steering angle and wheel-speed sensors.
- Connected horizon: the connected horizon system uses highly accurate map data to provide the vehicle with precise information in real time about the road ahead, such as danger spots, tunnels or the angle of bends, safely and reliably.
- Electric steering systems: Bosch’s electric steering system includes multiple redundancies offering additional safety in the event of an error. The system would be able to maintain at least 50% of the functionality both conventional and autonomous vehicles.
Bosch is also making strides in the field of connected driving. Connected mobility makes life easier for users while increasing road safety, convenience and overall enjoyment. Using human-machine interface (HMI) solutions, a range of services are offered to fit individual needs, making mobility more inclusive.
- 3D display: the three dimensional displayed in the cockpit gives drivers and passengers a clear overview of relevant information such as the distance of surrounding objects or vehicles.
- Keyless access system: the system stores a virtual key on the users smartphone which enables the driver to automatically unlock, start the engine and lock the vehicle. Sensors installed in the car recognise the owners smartphone as securely as a fingerprint and will open the vehicle only for them.
- Semiconductors: Bosch chips help the navigation systems when the GPS signal is interrupted keeping driving behaviour steady. They also turn off the power in electrical cars in the event of an accident, protecting occupants and allowing emergency services to do their jobs safely.
- V2X Communication: the hybrid V2X connectivity control unit is technology-neutral and can communicate via Wi-Fi and cellular networks meaning cars can communicate hazardous information to one another.
- Vehicle computer: necessary control units that work under the increasingly high demands of electrification, automation and connectivity.
- Cloud services: smart software functions analyse the status of the batteries in electric cars, increasing the service life. By using real-time data from the vehicle and its surroundings, the software recognises stress factors for the battery such as high speed charging or multiple charge cycles. Using this data it then calculates measures to counter cell aging such as optimized recharging processes.
- Cloud-based road-condition services: information about the weather, road-surface characteristics, surroundings and friction coefficients are processed in real time via the cloud and passed on to the automated vehicle letting them know how they need to adapt their driving behaviour in current conditions.
- Interior camera: the interior monitoring system, available in single and multi-camera configurations, increases safety by recognising critical conditions in a matter of seconds and warning the driver.
Read more about what Bosch is doing here.