Last modified on June 28, 2024

Regulations and Policies

Connected and automated driving technologies have experienced a rapid development and promise a massive deployment in Europe and internationally. In order to further push forward these technologies, coordination is needed to prevent a patchwork of rules and procedures and encourage a harmonised approach in research, development, testing and deployment, therefore increasing market and policy certainties.

The goal of this chapter is to further analyse regulations coming into force in several European Member States, as well as at international level, as well as to review the standards and guidelines related of vehicles with high levels of automation from different perspectives.

To that aim, the most relevant initiatives are mentioned in this section as well as links to detailed information. This information is of interest for those organizations working on Automated Vehicles, including research institutions, industry and regulating authorities. The Regulation and Policies section compiles the following information:

  • At EU-Level and Worldwide level:
    • The current status and future regulatory needs of legislative bases and success factors for the approval of automated vehicles on public roads.
    • Regulations for automated driving functions. Admittance legislation for current vehicles is only on the European level, and restricted to SAE Level 3 and 3 use cases in SAE Level 4 (Robot-taxi, Shuttles and Valet Parking) (Type Approval).
  • National regulations (EU, NON-EU) in order to run tests involving connected and automated vehicles. The National legislation focuses only on Field Operational Tests (experiments and demonstrations) for SAE levels 3 and higher. Found documentation of European counties that allow open road testing are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark , Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia,  Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and UK. (A full report on testing procedures and administrative framework conditions on testing automated vehicles on public roads in the EU member states and associated countries can be found here).
  • Guidelines for future EU level projects to test AD vehicles on public roads across Europe.

Information provided from the Horizon 2020 project CARTRE (Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe, 1/10/2016 – 30/09/2018), continuing with the ARCADE project (Aligning Research & innovation for Connected and Automated Driving in Europe, 1/10/18 – 31/07/22) and currently support by FAME (Framework for coordination of Automated Mobility in Europe, 1/07/22 – today).

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